Common Type of Worms

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Worms are parasites in dogs and cats that if left untreated may cause severe illness or even death.



  • Heartworm is contracted through the bite of an infected mosquito and is the deadliest of all canine parasites.
  • One a dog is bitten by an infected mosquito, it takes about 7 months for the larvae to mature into adult heartworms that lodge in the heart and lungs.

Symptoms in dogs: coughing, shortness of breath, fainting, listlessness, weight loss, loss of appetite, swelling of the abdomen, abnormal heart rate, liver enlargement.

Symptoms in cats: difficulty breathing, lethary, loss of appetite & weight loss, sporadic vomiting & diarrhoea, or sudden death in apparently healthy animals.


  • Tapeworms attach themselves to the small intestinal wall.
  • Infection usually occurs following the ingestion of flea larvae.
  • A common symptom is white segments either on the animal or in the stool.


  • Virtually every puppy is born with roundworms or can become infected while nursing.
  • Roundworms live freely in the intestine, feeding off partially digested intestinal contents.
  • Roundworms may cause diarrhoea and vomiting in young cats and dogs.


  • Intestinal parasites – small, thin worms less than an inch long – that are common in dogs and can also affect humans by migrating through the skin.
  • All hookworms have hook-like teeth or plates to help them attach to the intestinal wall.
  • Symptoms include intestinal distress, pale gums, bloody diarrhoea, weight loss and a poorly conditioned coat.


  • a family of parasites that cause a disease called Trichuriasis.

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